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Home page:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2021). Quick statistics about hearing. National 

Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/statistics/quick-statistics-hearing.

 

Redefining Experts:

Antia, S.D., Lederberg, A. R., Easterbrooks, S., Schick, B., Branum-Martin, L., Connor, C. M., 

Webb, M. Y. (2020). Language and reading progress of young deaf and hard-of-hearing children. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 25(3), 334-350. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enz050

Berke, J. (2020, May 2). How an audist attitudes negatively affects deaf people. Very Well 

Health. Retrieved April 13, 2022, from https://www.verywellhealth.com/deaf-culture-audism-1046267

De Clerck, G. A. M. (2010). Deaf epistemologies as a critique and alternative to the practice of 

science: An anthropological perspective. American Annals of the Deaf, 154(5), 435–446. http://www.jstor.org/stable/26235003

Hall, M.L., Eigsti, I., Bortfeld, H., Lillo-Martin, D. (2017). Auditory deprivation does not impair 

executive function, but language deprivation might: Evidence from a parent-report measure in deaf native signing children. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 22(1), 9–21. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enw054

Hall, W. C., Levin, L. L., & Anderson, M. L. (2017b). Language deprivation syndrome: A 

possible neurodevelopmental disorder with sociocultural origins. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52(6), 761-776. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-017-1351-7

Humphries, T., Kushalnagar, P., Mathur, G., Napoli, D. J., Padden, C., Rathmann, C., & Smith, S. (2016). Avoiding linguistic neglect of deaf children. Social Service Review, 90(4), 589-619. https://www.academia.edu/56378082/Avoiding_Linguistic_Neglect_of_Deaf_Children

Fitzpatrick, E.M., Stevens, A., Garritty, C., & Moher, D. (2013) The effects of sign language 

on spoken language acquisition in children with hearing loss: A systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews, 2,108. https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-4053-2-108

Kasulis, K. (2017). The strange reason deaf children aren't taught sign language. Mic. https://www.mic.com/articles/185597/deaf-children-language-deprivation-alexander-graham-bell

Kushalnagar, P., Ryan, C., Paludneviciene, R., Spellun, A., & Gulati, S. (2020). Adverse childhood communication experiences associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases in adults who are deaf. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 59(4), 548-554. 

Tsou, Y., Li, B., Eichengreen, A., Frijns, J.H.M., Rieffe, C. (2021). Emotions in deaf and hard-

of-hearing and typically hearing children. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 26(4), 469–482. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enab022

Warner-Czyz, A. D., Loy, B. A., Evans, C., Wetsel, A., & Tobey, E. A. (2015). Self-

esteem in children and adolescents with hearing loss. Trends in Hearing, 19. https://doi.org/10.1177/2331216515572615

Werfel, K.L., Reynolds, G., Fitton, F. (2022). Oral language acquisition in preschool children 

who are deaf and hard-of-hearing. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 27(2), 166–178. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enab043

Wilkinson, E., Morford, J.P. (2020). How bilingualism contributes to healthy development 

in deaf children: A public health perspective. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 24, 1330–1338. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-020-02976-6

 

Diagnosis:

Huang, F. (2017). The importance of early intervention. Hearing Health Foundation: Awareness. https://hearinghealthfoundation.org/blogs/the-importance-of-early-intervention 

Meyer, A. C., Marsolek, M., Brown, N., & Coverstone, K. (2020). Delayed identification of infants who are deaf or hard of hearing-minnesota, 2012–2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6911a6.htm

Moeller M. P. (2000). Early intervention and language development in children who are deaf and 

hard of hearing. Pediatrics, 106(3), E43. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.106.3.e43

Quittner, A. L., Barker, D. H., Cruz, I., Snell, C., Grimley, M. E., Botteri, M., & the CDaCI 

Investigative Team (2010). Parenting stress among parents of deaf and hearing children: Associations with language delays and behavior problems. Parenting, Science and Practice, 10(2), 136–155. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295190903212851

 

Language Choices:

Cheng, Q., Roth, A., Halgren, E., & Mayberry, R. I. (2019). Effects of early language 

deprivation on brain connectivity: Language pathways in deaf native and late first-language learners of American sign language. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2019.00320 

Garberoglio, C. L., Cawthon, S., & Sales, A. (2017). Deaf People and Educational Attainment in 

the United States: 2017. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, National Deaf Center on Postsecondary Outcomes. https://www.nationaldeafcenter.org/sites/default/files/DeafPeopleandEducational_Attainment_white_paper.pdf.

Kushalnagar, P., Reesman, J., Holcomb, T., & Ryan, C. (2019). Prevalence of anxiety or 

depression diagnosis in deaf adults. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 24(4), 

378–385. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enz017

Theunissen, S. C., Rieffe, C., Netten, A. P., Briaire, J. J., Soede, W., Kouwenberg, M., & Frijns, 

J. H. (2014). Self-esteem in hearing-impaired children: the influence of communication, education, and audiological characteristics. PloS one, 9(4), e94521. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094521

 

Language Deprivation:

Alumni, U. P. (2020, January 26). Communication gap: Where accommodations for deaf children lack. Urban Plains.https://urban-plains.com/deaf-in-a-hearing-world/

Dougherty, E. (2017). Studying Language Acquisition in Deaf Children. Getting the Word In.

Boston University. https://www.bu.edu/articles/2017/asl-language-acquisition/

Humphries, T., Kushalnagar, P., Mathur, G., Napoli, D. J., Padden, C., Rathmann, C., & Smith, 

S. (2016). Language choices for deaf infants: Advice for parents regarding sign languages. Clinical Pediatrics, 55(6), 513–517. https://doi.org/10.1177/ 0009922815616891

Napoli D.J., Mellon N.K., Niparko J.K., Rathmann C., Mathur G., Humphries T., Handley T., 

Scambler S., & Lantos J.D. (2015) Should all deaf children learn sign language? Pediatrics,136(1),170-176.https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-1632

Nyle DiMarco Foundation, (2016, December 20). What is language deprivation? [Video]. 

YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cUTymzn5FEc

 

Technology Choices:

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (n.d.). State insurance mandates for hearing aids. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. https://www.asha.org/advocacy/state/issues/ha_reimbursement/ 

Center for Devices and Radiological Health. (2017). Cochlear Implant Frequently asked questions. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.  https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/cochlear-implants/frequently-asked-questions#iq

Mayo Clinic. (2020). Cochlear implants. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cochlear-implants/about/pac-20385021 

Mroz, M. (2021, June 4). Hearing aid prices - how much do hearing aids cost? Healthy Hearing. Retrieved April 13, 2022, from https://www.healthyhearing.com/help/hearing-aids/prices 

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2017). Hearing aids. National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing-aids 

 

ASL Isn’t Easy:

Hall, M. L., Hall, W. C., & Caselli, N. K. (2019). Deaf children need language, not (just) speech. First Language, 39(4), 367-395. 10.1177/014272371983410

Steber, S., Rossi, S. (2021). The challenge of learning a new language in adulthood: Evidence 

from a multi-methodological neuroscientific approach. PLoS ONE 16(2): e0246421. https://doi. org/10.1371/journal.pone.0246421 

 

Deaf History:

Lane, H. (1989). When the mind hears: A history of the deaf. Vintage Books. 

Lane, H., Hoffmeister, R., & Bahan, B. (1996). A journey into the deaf-world. DawnSignPress. 

 

The Hearing World:

Callis, L. (2017). 5 great reasons to establish a bilingual ASL household. HuffPost. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/5-great-reasons-to-establ_b_13151662 

Caselli, N., Pyers, J., Lieberman, A.M. (2021). Deaf children of hearing parents have age-level

vocabulary growth when exposed to American Sign Language by 6 months of age. The Journal of Pediatrics, 232, 229-236. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ article/pii/S0022347621000366

Hintermair, M. (2018). Self-esteem and satisfaction with life of deaf and hard-of-hearing 

people-A resource-oriented approach to identity work. The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 13(2), 278–300. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enm054

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